Corresponding Author

thabit, mariam

Document Type

Original Article

Subject Areas

Botany, Microbiology and Zoology


Keywords: Doxorubicin; hematology; Liver functions; kidney functions


Doxorubicin is an anthracycline drug first extracted from Streptomyces peucetius var. caesius in the 1970’s. It used routinely as highly efficacious drug in many kinds of cancers. But its clinical usefulness is still restricted due to its specific toxicities. This study was designed to investigate doxorubicin-induced toxicity in albino rat model. Thirty male young adult Sprague Dawley rats were divided into Three groups. The first served as control group while second and third group treated with 2.5 and 5mg / kg /week. Two hours post DOX administration rats from all the groups were killed, blood samples were drawn for hematological and biochemical changes. Data were analyzed using (SPSS, verson 22). Hematological parameters obtained from rats treated with Dox revealed that Dox doses induced decrease in RBCs Count, Hemoglobin (Hb) concentration and HCT % when compared with the corresponding values of control rats. Otherwise, WBC.s differential count including (lymphocyte, monocyte, neutrophil, monocyte as well as neutrophil) and platelets count showed a significant decrease (P<0.05) when compared with the values of control rats. DOX doses for four weeks induced hepatic damage as reflected by significantly (p < 0.05) elevated serum ALT, TSB, and ALP enzymes activities when compared to control group. Albumin concentrations recorded a significant decrease. While serum urea concentration and creatinine levels were elevated (P<0.001) as compared with the values of control rats. The present study shed more of the light on the effect of Doxorubicin-induced toxicity in albino rat model. Showing several biochemical and hematological abnormal effects.

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