Corresponding Author


Document Type

Original Article

Subject Areas

Mathematics, Statistics, Computer Science, Physics and Astronomy


surface air temperature series; Annual cycle; Trend analysis; Climate variability


In this study monthly, seasonal and annual values of temperature have been analyzed over Egypt during the period 1960-2016. It is found that the temperature is a function of latitudes where the values of temperature increase gradually from north to south. The trend analysis illustrates that there is a significant increase in seasonal and annual values of temperature over Egypt. The annual wave dominates at all stations; its amplitude for the northern stations is smaller than those for the southern stations. The analysis of the spatial distribution of the monthly average of temperature (1960 – 2016) for each month of the year has been made. It is found that Latitudinal gradients in temperature are strong in winter and spring seasons with particular increase over the north of Egypt due to the effect of mid-latitude travelling depressions from west to east over Egypt. The climatological distribution of temperature throughout the months of the year reflects the effect of meteorological factors and pressure systems affecting the weather and climate in the study area. The warmest areas in summer are the middle and the south eastern parts of Egypt.

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