Corresponding Author

Swelam, A.

Document Type

Original Article

Subject Areas



Moringa oleifera seeds; pb(II); Adsorption; Removal; Kinetics


This work demonstrates the potential of Moringa oleifera seeds powder as an adsorbent for the removal of heavy metals from wastewater. The moringa oleifera seeds powder is characterized as an adsorbent for the removal of heavy metals from wastewater using FTIR, XRD, pHpzc, SEM and BET techniques. Several processing parameters such as; contact time, adsorbent dose, initial lead ion concentrations, pH, and temperature are optimized. The equilibrium data for bio-sorption are analyzed by using Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin–Radushkevich isotherm models to define the best correlation for lead ions. Among the four isotherm models, both Temkin and Freundlich models best describe the experimental data for Pb(II).The adsorption of the metal ions, Pb (II) is well defined by the pseudo-second order model (R2 > 0.99). The interaction of the cationic species with the MOS powder is predominately via chemisorption rather than physisorption. The thermodynamic parameters such as ΔS, ΔH and ΔG are also determined.

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