Corresponding Author


Document Type

Original Article

Subject Areas

Earth science


Rare-metal granites; Magnetic survey; Structural lineaments


Magnetic survey is usually used to delineate magnetic-structural lineaments, analysetheir relationships to the inheritedductile fabrics and estimate the depth of perturbing body sources, probably granitic intrusions. These were conducted on thetotal magnetic intensity map reduced to the pole as well as First Vertical Derivative and Euler Deconvolutionmaps to showvarious aeromagnetic structural lineaments which were interpreted as fault systems.The early deformational event as(D1) produced sets of NE-SW striking local and regional fractures and faults. The seconddeformational event (D2) generated mainly NNW-SSE and NW-SE faults and fractures some of which intersected earlier (D1)structures. At the northern and eastern parts of the study area (D1/D2) intersections are observed. The last event (D3)createdNNE-SSW set of fractures and faults brought out by splay of dykes and reactivated some (D1 and D2)fractures and faults. Thestudy area is also characterized by a major, N-S trending, late-stage dyke system that extends through the area.In order to estimate source depths from gridded aeromagnetic data, 3-D Euler Deconvolution method was applied. Thecalculated source depths are in the range of 200 m to 3500 m. The deepest structures are in the ENE-WSW direction and havedepths ranging from about 1100 m to 3000 m in the southeastern part of the study area. On the other hand, the network ofparallel major structures trending in NNW-SSE direction have a shallow depth of about 700 m.Rare-metal granites of the central Eastern Desert of Egypt are classified chemically into alkaline to peralkaline and peraluminousgranites. They display the typical geochemical characteristics of A-type granites, with high SiO2, Na2O+K2O, Rb,Zr, Nb, Ta, Sn, and Y, and low CaO, MgO, Baand Sr. The magmatism of the rare metal granites of the central Eastern Desertare related to anorogenic, within-plate, A-type, subvolcanic setting and emplaced in the extensional tectonic regimealong tothe inherited ductile fabrics.

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