Corresponding Author

K. A. K., Gadallah

Document Type

Original Article

Subject Areas

Mathematics, Statistics, Computer Science, Physics and Astronomy


Comic carbon dust; IR spectroscopy; Planetary nebulae


Thermal-processed carbonaceous materials could emulate the evolution of the carbonaceous dust which settles inregions around a cool star in a proto-planetary nebula (PPN). Spectroscopically, this evolution has been shown through thevariation in the strength of the aliphatic (-C-H stretching mode at the 3.42 μm) band relative to those of the aromatic (=C-Hmode at the 3.3 μm) band. Experimentally, the laser ablation technique was used to produce the Hydrogenated AmorphousCarbon (HAC) samples as analogs of comic carbon dust. The IR-laboratory data of these samples shows that the strength ofthese two bands varies reversely to each other as HAC transforms from the aliphatic to aromatic structure with heating. Thetemperature, required to cause this transformation within HAC, depends on its hydrogen content. Hence, the trend of this variationis also in relevance to the hydrogen content within HAC. This trend shows the variation from the aliphatic to aromaticstructure in dust grains in regions within the PPN IRAS 22272+5435. In which, it is expected that dust grains may be heatedin the past in the warm region near the star.

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