surface water; River Nile
The study of surface water chemistry mainly based on the results of the chemical analysis which carried out for the thirty-nine (39) collected water samples. The analysis includes the determination of the different properties of water such as electric conductivity(EC), hydrogen ion concentration (pH), total dissolved salts (TDS), turbidity , major ions as cations ( Ca2+, Mg2+,Na+, K+),anions (CO₃2⁻,HCO₃⁻ ,SO₄2⁻,Cl⁻) together with some minor and trace components as PO₄3⁻,NO₃⁻,Pb2+,Cd2+,Sr2+ . Based on the chemical analysis data of surface water of the main irrigation system (River Nile and its Canals) the conclusions could be outlined as follows: Water salinity, Distribution of total water hardness, Distribution of major ions Hydro chemical coefficients, Hypothetical salts assemblages.
How to Cite This Article
WASSEL, M.; EL-KADY, G.; EL-DEMERDASHE, S.; and MAHMOD, A.
"PHYSICOCHEMICAL STUDIES ON THE SURFACE WATER OF RIVER NILE AND ITS CANALS,"
Al-Azhar Bulletin of Science: Vol. 24:
1, Article 4.