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Document Type

Original Article

Subject Areas



Metakaolin; Pozzolan; kaolin; Blended cement


Metakaolin (MK) is a highly reactive pozzolan produced by calcination of kaolinite clay at high temperatures. It has a high specific surface, which makes it very suitable as a cementing material in concrete. The utilization of area calcined clay, in the form of MK, as a pozzolanic material for mortar and concrete has received a considerable attention in recent years. This interest is part of the widely spread attention directed towards the utilization of wastes and industrial by-products in order to minimize Portland cement (PC) consumption, the manufacture of which being environmentally damaging. Another reason is that mortar and concrete, which contain pozzolanic materials, exhibit considerable enhancement in durability properties. In this investigation, the physico-chemical properties of artificial pozzolanic cement pastes containing MK produced by calcination of kaolinite clay at different temperatures (700, 800, 900, and 1000oC) were studied. PC was partially substituted for by 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 % of MK by weight at different calcination temperatures. The characteristics of prepared mortars were investigated after curing in water for different periods (3, 7, 28 and 90 days) by determination of compressive strength and total porosity. The hydration kinetics was evaluated by determination of free lime contents. IR spectroscopic analysis was used to investigate the change in structure of mortars after curing. The change in morphology and microstructure of some hardened pastes were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

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