Corresponding Author

Ibrahim, Islam

Document Type

Original Article

Subject Areas



PVA template; MnFe2O4; Characterization; Nitroarenes reduction


Highly stable and magnetically recoverable MFe2O4 (M= Zn, Co, Mn) spinel ferrite nanoparticles; synthesized using sol gel-hydrothermal technology via utilizing polyvinyl alcohol surfactant, were proposed as heterogeneous catalysts for the reduction of nitroarenes. The morphological characteristics, structural exploration, surface, optical, and vibrational properties were performed using powder X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray, N2 sorptiometry, diffused UV-visible reflectance spectroscopy. The results showed that MnFe2O4 exhibited the best performance in the reduction of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP), 2,4,6 tri-nitrophenol (2,4,6-NP) and 4-nitroaniline (4-NA) and revealed 100% conversion into the corresponding amino derivatives in 270 sec with rate constant equal 0.01061 sec-1, 0.01134 sec-1 and 0.01355 sec-1, respectively. The superiority of the catalytic reduction of MnFe2O4 was due to increasing the pore radius and pore volume (6.75 nm, 0.227 cc/g) values compared to other nanoferrites. The synthesized nanoferrites indicate independence of the activity on crystallite sizes due to the insignificant margin of change (from 6 to10 nm). Conversely, decreasing the activity of ZnFe2O4 was due to increasing the Zn2+ ions size that induces an increase in lattice parameter values and thus increases the long-range electron transfer between Fe2+-Fe3+ ions. The MnFe2O4 catalyst that presented the highest saturation magnetization (135 emu/g) indicated the highest reduction potential for 4-NA comparatively in the presence of NaBH4 and the reduction reaction followed pseudo first-order kinetics. Increasing the reduction performance of 4-NA compared to other nitroaromatics on MnFe2O4 was explained based on the formed intermediates, their reactivities, and hydrophobicites.

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